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  • INDIA QUESTIONS JAPAN STRINGENT AND TIME CONSUMING REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

    At the 12th Trade Policy Review (TPR) of Japan, India raised specific concerns faced by its industry, particularly in the pharmaceutical and Information Technology (IT) sector of the Japanese market.

    Brushing aside their strong trade and economic ties, Indian official stated at the meeting that stringent and time consuming regulatory requirements are creating a difficult situation for Indian companies to access the Japanese market. In particular, an official pointed at the requirement to have a joint venture with a Japanese company and the need of commercial presence for applying to Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency.

    Further attention was drawn to the stringent requirements forchemical, agro-chemicals and additives for food products regarding maximum residue levels. India complaints with such requirements within the competitive industry those often end up as tertiary service providers despite their competitive strengths in this sector.

    Cited that there are currently 16 investment agreements under negotiations, a senior Japanese trade official assured members that it is “committed” to further trade liberalization. The WTO further praised Japan for pursuing bold economic policies to revitalize its economy and reverse deflation including their “three arrows” strategy.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    Wednesday, 11 March 2015

    (Source: Live Mint)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • INDIA MANAGES TO DEFEND ITS RAW SUGAR EXPORT SUBSIDY PAYMENTS AT THE WTO

    Several WTO members including EU, Australia and Colombia have accused India of going against its commitment at the WTO’s Bali Ministerial in December 2013. They are critical of India’s export subsidies for raw sugar announced in February 2014.

    India has managed to ward off criticism for its raw sugar export subsidies by once again claiming that it has not made any payments under the programme. However one of the officials was quoted saying that the Ministry of Food and Public Distribution is now sanctioned to pay off Rs. 200 Crore ($32 million) to the raw sugar export for the period.

    India is a major producer of raw sugar in the world and members apprehend that such export subsidies could distort global market. Another official of the Ministry of Commerce was quoted saying that such subsidy programme is justifiable on the ground of encouraging sugar producers to diversity from refined to raw sugar.

    The domestic demand is pegged at 24.8 million tonnes for this year, whereas the sugar mill association estimate total production at 26 million tonnes.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    Monday, 09 March 2015

    (Source: Business Line)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • INDIA, CHINA REJECTS US EFFORT TO INTRODUCE 'DIFFERENTIATION' CONCEPT IN WTO FARM TALKS

    In what seems to be a backlash to the recent furore at the WTO over the issue of food stockpiling for food security purposes as well as the calculation of AMS, the US wants to introduce the concept of 'differentiation' of developing countries in the WTO negotiations on agriculture.

    The ‘differentiation’ approach which has already been rejected by India and China makes a distinction between developing countries that have existing domestic support programmes in agriculture that could influence global trends and other developing countries which do not have such schemes. 

    Moving away from existing Doha mandate of special and differential treatment for developing countries, US referring to recent studies said in the WTO General Council meeting that it would have to make significant cuts in its outlay for domestic support under the present draft modalities and termed it as "blood for water" or "blood for air". 

    The farm lobbies in the US are relying on study of Washington based DTB Associates accusing China, India, Brazil, Turkey and Thailand of providing trade distorting subsidies illegal under their respective WTO pledges.  

    India and China said that it is important to protect policy space and global trading system being highly inequitable there was a need for a level-playing field. 

     The gLAWcal Team

    Monday, 22 February 2014

    (Source: Economic Times)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • AMERICA’S WHEAT INDUSTRY ACCUSED INDIA OF OFFERING WTO INCONSISTENT SUBSIDIES

    Continuing its attack based on a recent study conducted by Washington-based DTB Associates, US Industry accused India and China of providing export subsidies to their farms that are illegal under their WTO pledge.

    In a media release, US Wheat Industry said "Increasing support levels gave Indian farmers an artificial incentive to produce more wheat. In fact, India's wheat production increased by 35 per cent over those seven years (2005-06 to 2013-14) to record levels. That buoyed world wheat supplies and increased pressure on prices that hurt wheat farmers in other countries," It further alleged that India’s used faulty tactics in it’s recently notifications to the WTO.

    The study relied to base to these allegations further state that the governments of India, China, Turkey, Brazil and Thailand have over the past 10 years have dramatically increased trade distorting subsidies for wheat, corn or rice production exceeding their pledges under WTO agreements. 

     

     The gLAWcal Team

    Monday, 22 February 2014

    (Source: Economic Times)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • US BACKS OFF FROM DOHA MANDATE, SEEKS SIMILAR COMMITMENTS FROM INDIA, CHINA

    Undermining the existing negotiations under the aegis of Doha round, Washington wants India and China to cut farm subsidies as a condition to undertake similar commitment. Further, it also wants India and China to give enhanced market access for five products: beef, pork, poultry products, wheat and corn.

    The demand was made by the US trade envoy ambassador Michael Punke, in a closed door meeting by the chair of Doha agricultural negotiations ambassador John Adank, with a group of 10 select countries.

    India rejected the US demand as New Delhi did not required to take any commitments in the Doha round in the amber box (producer subsidy) as it has not taken commitments under the Uruguay Round. On the other hand, US which has made previous commitments is required to reduce its trade distorting subsidies under the Doha mandate. However US, Europe and Canada are maintaining that Doha mandate is irrelevant due to changed conditions.

    Earlier in January, Modi and Obama had come to an understanding to cooperate on the finalization of the Post-Bali Work Programme in the spirit of the Doha mandate. However, in wake of the sudden demand it needs to be seen whether India agrees.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    Friday, 06 February 2014

    (Source: Live Mint)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

     

  • STOCKHOLM POWER GOES GREEN AS BIOMASS OUSTS COAL

    Swedish power generationfrom coal is now switching into biomass input like waste and residue from wood to leftover food and cow dung, to produce energy. Ulf Wikstroem, an environmental manager at Fortum, said: “We plan to have the whole plant running on biomass by 2030 at the latest.”

    The Fortum’s project of value 550million will generate enough heat to warm 30 percent of Stockholm’s 900,000 homes as well as meet as much as 8 percent of the city’s electricity consumption, according to data from Fortum and Statistics Sweden.

    Stockholm the Nordic’s area biggest metropolis wants to be fossil-fuel free by 2040, said Katarina Luhr, the vice mayor overseeing environmental issues. After have surpassed its 2020 European Union target of 49 percent renewable energy in 2012, Sweden is seeking to increase the rate to 57% by 2030.

    The movement is widening inside Nordic countries. In 2013, more than 6% of the Nordic region’s power was generated by burning biomass. It is possible to note the same at the European and also U.S level. The E.U. renewable energy target to 2020 is 20% from 14% in 2012. Obama’s government is trying to get 05 of its energy from renewable at the end of this year. China, the world’s biggest energy user, plans to generate 15 percent of its needs from non-fossil sources by 2020.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Tuesday, 10 February 2015

    (Source: Renewable Energy World.com)

  • AUSTRALIA’S TWO BIGGEST ENERGY RETAILERS MOVING INTO SOLAR MARKET

    Origin Energy and AGL Energy, two biggest Australian’s are investing millions into building up substantial solar teams that will focus on the household and business markets, offering leases and power purchase agreements in order to dominate the rooftop solar market, which is now nearly at 4GW across Australia.

    Two main strategies are taken in considerations to target the achievements: first to fight against a growing competition of companies offering solar products. Some of these rivals, however, are substantial, and include the likes of Macquarie Group and US heavyweights SunEdison and SunPower, along with a host of new and smaller players. The other challenge that the strategy should take in consideration is to improve customers loyalty as 25% of them are switching providers each year in a ritual of discount seeking.

    Origin Energy and AGL Energy will use them huge balance sheet to provide lease solutions and power purchase to its customers, the retailers will also remain owners of the rooftop solar systems.  The retailers hope to lock their customers in for 10 - 15 years or more.

    The changes at the executive level have concerned: Phil Mackey who is heading up the Origin’s LPG business.  JP Ross, one of the first executives of Sungevity, an US solar leasing company, has been appointed head of “mass markets”, targeting the household and the growing commercial markets; he is also responsible for helping develop Origin’s solar strategy. The merry-go-round of solar executives in AGL Energy is less relevant.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Tuesday, 10th February, 2015

    (Source: Clean Technica)

  • DANONE AND MARS LAUNCH £79M FUND FOR SMALLHOLDER FARMERS

    The world’s largest food multinationals Danone and Mars announced its intent to invest €120million over the next decade in an investment fundaimed at increasing the productivity of smallholder farmers, and also for secure their supply to the growing world population which is projected to be 9 billion in 2050.

    The main priorities will be Danone and Mars keys crops, such as vanilla, cocoa, sugar and palm feature among the “obvious areas”, and will gradually include milk, fruits and peanuts. Mars and Danone hope to attract investment from both the public and private sector for the non-farmer benefits generated through its sponsored projects.

    The two are seeking to raise funds for the project, and all the return from the project will help to payback debts and reinvest the reminders in future projects. The project is thought to work through best-of-class non-profits organizations with proven experience of implementing smallholder programmes, says Frank Riboud, chairman of the board of directors at Danone.

    What makes the project viable or sustainable are the following characteristics: the more connection to the supply chain, the target is not just riches farm owners, increases in farmer incomes, improvements in farmer livelihoods and benefits to the environment (especially carbon emissions mitigated or sequestered through reforestation). The further factor of success it’s the fact that Danone and Mars have in the past, launched similar projects.

    Mrs Tamir of Oxfam said: “To truly create opportunity for smallholder farmers, the food industry must shift more value from the traders and manufacturers back to the people and workers who grow their food”.

     

                                                                                                                     The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

    9 February 2015

    (Source: The Guardian Sustainable Business)

     

  • CASTOR OIL HELPS FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY IN MADAGASCAR

    Germany’s International Cooperation Agency (GIZ) and Research and Technology Exchange Group (Gret) are backing Ambroy villagers (Androy Region) in growing castor oil crops, which is more sustainable and profitable than maize field. The region is facing strong drought, very low level of rainfall and extremely expensive cultivation equipment (beakers of seeds), taking Ambroy villagers, inside strong food insecurity and hunger.

    The move from maize field to Castor oil plantation will soon change the landscape of 8 million persons under food insecurity in Madagascar and 83% of Androy who living in the hardest hit area.

    In the concerned area, rainfall does not exceeds 600ml a year, but the local castor oil seeds which are suit to local constraints regarding soil, climate and pests, thanks to their high genetic diversity, have failed in front of local natural challenges. They spoil very fast and require quantities of water, fertilizer and pesticide, which Malagasy farmers cannot possibly afford.

    Fabrice Lhériteau of GRET, with two selected varieties of castor-oil plant that combine good drought resistance with a much higher, allow for yield 3 times larger than other local species – 700kg of seeds per hectare, as against 250, the amount of cultivate lands is doubled.

    The relevant social effect of castor oil cultivation is a big increase in population living under food security. During the first year of the scheme, 6,000 Androy households (30,000 people) may be lift out of food insecurity.

     

                                                                                                   The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

     9 February 2015

    (Source: The Guardian)

  • CIVIL SOCIETY URGES POLITICIANS TO TRANSFORM THE FINANCE SYSTEM

    In January, 11 Civil Organizations have deployed manifesto to urge UK government to create a finance system that serves society, the environment and the wider economy. The statement supported by 11 organizations, including Share Action, NEF, Positive Money, Finance Innovation Lab and FoE, will set out the five major changes that the next government should put in place to create a more fair finance system. The mentioned changes are the following

    §  more diversity in banking, using the Competition & Markets Authority investigation

    §  more responsibility in financial markets, encouraged by joining the EU Financial Transaction Tax

    §  more transparency in savings and investment

    §  more sustainability through the expansion of the Green Investment Bank. 

    §  more democracy by asking the Bank of England to carry out a review of all monetary policy options available to government and central banks to influence the allocation of credit in the interests of the whole of society and the economy, and a debate over these options in parliament.

    Alternative finance businessessuch as peer-to-peer lending, values banks and community finance have been growing deep with a rate of 150% every year, and were worth £1.74bn in 2014. While investment industry which looks after all pensions failed due to the opacity in the operations.

    Organizations such as ShareAction and True & Fair advocate legal safeguards to correct these market failures. Groups such as Green Alliance, Aldersgate Group, IPPR and E3G have called for this to change call UK Government to strengthen the borrowing power of the Green Investment Bank and the British Business Bank, as a key players in their own financial markets to take on long-term risks and lever in private capital, as KFW in Germany acting in renewable energy and improving the energy efficiency of their housing stock.

    NEF and IPPR have made specific proposals for credit guidance and strategic quantitative easing, to solve the problem of moneyallocation between financial assets and real productive businesses.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    February 7, 2015

    (Source: The Guardian)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • JAMAICAN PRIME MINISTER CALLS FOR UNITY TO ADVANCE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    During the Diplomatic Week 2015, under the theme “Building Partnership for Sustainable Development”, Jamaican Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller addressed the members of the diplomatic corps recognizing that a collective response in the global spirit of international cooperation and concern for each other’s welfare will ensure that a sustainable legacy is left.

    Jamaican Governmentvalues its partnership with all countries as being critical to achieve sustainable development.

    In spite of the challenges, there have been some encouraging developments within the international arena, including further signs of recovery from the financial crisis and a decline in global oil prices.These developments, Simpson Miller said, call for renewed partnership between Jamaican Government and all stakeholders and with the public and private sectors.

    The Prime Minister also reiterated her call for the international community to look to Jamaica as a viable place to invest, due to the gains being made under Jamaican economic reform programme. Jamaican Foreign Minister, AJ Nicholson, said Jamaica continues to place a high value on the relations it enjoys with its international partners, saying that the country's partnerships in foreign trade remained essential to the local economy.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

    Friday, February 27, 2015

    (Source: Jamaica Observer)

  • THE NEW CHALLENGES FOR THE UN’S POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA

    2015 marks the end of enforcement of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), set by world leaders 15 years ago to counteract poverty and climate change and to achieve a more equal global society. The new purposes, to be known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), fix a new way to face world’s most pressing issues until the next critical deadline in 2030.

    Despite there has been significant progress in meeting the MDGs targets, numerous challenges persist. 805 million people are undernourished, living in poverty. 73 million young people are looking for work and many are trapped in exploitative jobs. Meanwhile, populations continue to suffer due to some of the world’s deadliest conflicts.

    Mr Richard Jolly, a former UN Assistant Secretary-General and member of the UNICEF, analysed the progresses in meeting the MDGs targets, defining the differences between MDGs and SDGs and introducing what are the new global challenges to meet until 2030.

    The SDGs are universal: nations are really recognizing that all countries need to make an effort for all peoples. Secondly, the SDGs are integrating sustainability and climate change. Twelve of the 17 goals highlight the importance of sustainable development in key areas, such as urban planning, and economic growth, acknowledging the need to take action to combat climate change implications. Besides, notwithstanding the gains made by the MDGs, economic problems, such as the crisis’ after-effect, pose potential problems for the SDGs roll-out.

    The SDGs and the MDGs have historical significance: nations are realizing there is a single global system; national and international bodies are taking action to tackle poverty and to contrast climate change effects.

    Mr Jolly did not make any forecast for the success of the SDGs, but he admitted that as international community devotes the next 15 years to realizing them, the mobilization of global support and awareness alone would qualify as a major achievement.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

    Thursday, 26 February 2015

    (Source: UN News Centre)

  • INDIA PROMOTES SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    On Monday the 23rd February 2015, Prakash Javadekar, India’s environment minister, announced that the Union Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) has turned into a facilitating ministry for sustainable development, under National Democratic Alliance’s rule.

    Until now the MoEF was considered an obstructionist ministry, but now things will change: the ministry would work as a facilitator in reaching sustainable development goals, bringing transparency and promoting people’s participation.

    Sustainable development, green growth and poverty elimination will be the main principles of ministry’s activities. The MoEF planned to launch several public campaigns for turning degraded lands into urban greens and restoring lakes and rivers

     The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

    Wednesday, 25 February 2015

    (Source: New Indian Express)

  • FAIR TRADE USA SUPPORTS SMALL FISHERIES IN INDONESIA

    On 24 February 2015, Fair Trade USA announced a new partnership with one of world’s largest food and drug distributors, to launch Fair Trade certified seafood into the North American market.

    After four years of research and meetings with industry experts, Fair Trade USA advanced the Fair Trade Fisheries programme. Starting with wild-capture tuna from small-scale fishermen in Indonesia, this programme aims to address both social and environmental responsibilities around the world. The main goal is to develop resilient livelihoods in impoverished coastal communities, improve working and living conditions, and strengthen an environmental-friendly resource management.

    Similarly to other Fair Trade certified products, like cocoa, coffee, and tea, the Fisheries programme requires small-fishermen to source and trade products accordingly to standards which help to protect human rights, to prevent forced child labour, to establish safe working conditions, and to enable responsible resource management. Fair Trade is also promoting collaboration between fishermen communities, previously isolated. For every Fair Trade Certified tuna sold, they gain ten per cent of the dock-side price, which they can collectively invest in community projects, like education and healthcare.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    Tuesday, 24 February 2015

    (Source: 3bl Media)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • MARS CHOCOLATE MAKES A STEP TO SUSTAINABLE SOURCED COCOA

    Launching Fairtrade Fortnight 2015, Mars Chocolate UK announced that all cocoa used in the UK manufactures of its Mars bars will be Fairtrade by autumn 2015.

    The agreement between the Fair Trade Foundation and Mars underlines the company’s commitment to sustainable and ethical sourcing. The programme pursues giving cocoa farmers a big opportunity to sell their products on Fairtrade Terms, receiving fairer rewards for their efforts and improving farmers’ living standards.

    Mars Chocolate UKis the first company to engage to the new Fair Trade cocoa sourcing programme represents a crucial step in Mars’ global engagement to certify that 100% of the cocoa used has been produced in a sustainable manner by 2020.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    Monday, 23 February 2015

    (Source: Marketing Magazine)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies 

  • EPA: KEYSTONE XL WILL IMPACT GLOBAL WARMING

    Obama’s Administration fights against the Keystone XL pipeline extension.  Because the oil price is getting lower and lower, Obama’s administration assumes that the expansion of the Canadian-American oil supplier will conduct to the oil demand growth. The fear is on expansion of Canadian tar sands, and then the increase in greenhouse gas emission.

    The construction of the Keystone XL pipeline is dividing Canadian and American authorities. It is thought that the result is going to be an increase of the oil demand and worsening of the greenhouse gas emission, because oil will be extract from tar sands, and this process creates more pollution than others.

    The further US argument is that in 5 years, oil price is going to fall down with 2 possible negatives effects. First, the increase of the oil supply will further decrease the oil price. Second, the low price of the oil makes hard a realization of profits. From January to June 2014, prices of benchmark West Texas Intermediate and Brent crude oil vacillated between about $90 and $110 per barrel.

    Then they fell off a cliff, dropping to about $50 per barrel as the U.S. energy boom injected huge amounts of the oil into a market already crippled by weak demand from a sluggish global economy.

    The pipelines opponents think that it is less expensive to ship oil through pipeline than by trucks or rail. And they suggest to American oil refineries to send their daily orders of 8 or 9 million barrels to the Canadian producers instead to the gulf producers.

     The Environmental Protection Agency published its statement informing that “There should be no more doubt that President Obama must reject the proposed pipeline once and for all.”

     

                                                                                                                            The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

                                                                                                                        Tuesday, 3 February 2015

    (Source: U.S.News)

  • OBAMA: CLIMATE CHANGE A GROWING NATIONAL SECURITY THREAT

    The Obama administration raises attention to the climate change. U.S. Government think that rising seas, worsening droughts, melting Arctic ice and extreme weather events rank among the most potent threats to U.S. national security. According to the administration climate change can raise public health crises and dangerous radical groups.

    Obama said: “No challenge poses a greater threat to future generations than climate change”. Both home and abroad, concerted actions have been taken to confront the dangers posed by climate change and to strengthen our energy security. Energy security and reliable access to electricity – both for the U.S. and its allies – are also named key imperatives. Even the Defence department has got inside the movement by advocating the use of solar power for its equipment and infrastructure. 

    Since then and even before, the armed forces have examined how renewable energy and 3D printing might enhance combat readiness; how climate change might increase instability in Africa and the Middle East; and how military installations have already been affected by floods, wildfires and drought.

    The Environmental Protection Agency is trying to finalize the first-ever federal limits on carbon dioxide emissions from power plants. The regulation of methane, smog and stricter fuel economy standardsare also instituted. Energy Department have spent billions in clean energy projects, from plug-in electric cars to centralized solar plants. Obama also has called for $3 billion for a new U.N. Green Climate Fund to help developing nations mitigate and adapt to the effects of global warming.

     

                                                                                                                            The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

                                                                                                                    Tuesday, 3 February 2015

    (Source: U.S.News)

  • A NEINVER AWARD FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    NEINVER has been certified ISO 50001 for energy efficiency by the certification body TÜV Rheinland. It is an award for commitments in sustainable business.

    The event took place in Madrid, Sabel Torres, and has awarded the ISO 50001 certified companies with particular emphasis on "the strong commitments of NEINVER towards the sustainable management of an ongoing contribution to the improvement of the management".

    It is the third ISO certification received by NEINVER; in Europe, it is the first to obtain up to 3 certifications. The first two were ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. NEINVER has also achieved the OHSAS 18001 for Health and Safety at Work.

    Committed under the program of Corporate Social Responsibility NEINVER, sustainability is one of the key criteria in the performance of various business activities. Others projects considered in this area might increase the renewable energy share in the overall energy mix that have doubled between 2012 and 2013, from 15% to 30%, and then might reduce gas emission.

    In raw data, NEINVER have reduced gas emission to 22%, with its expansion, the emission rate falls to 12,2%. We can find the NEINVER reports which indicates its improvement in different point of view: not only economic and commercial, but also social, environmental, employment and governance. The report is fully searchable in the section of the website of NEINVER: www.neinver.com/csr.

    NEINVER is a leader in the development, investment and property management. Since its foundation in 1969, and has consolidated its position in the European retail market with 565 100 m² of retail space, 2,000 stores and more than 1,200 of the best brands. Between the values ​​of NEINVER, there is the responsiveness of its operations to the principles of sustainable development and social responsibility.

    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

     Friday, February 6, 2015

    (Source: DailyGreen)

     

  • QATAR ASKS FOR TIME TO IMPLEMENT LABOUR REFORMS

    Qatar needs more time to address problems of employees at the mercy of their employers before his 2022 World Cup.

    Qataris are on the way to take the country far from the past practices and to provide to their citizens the human rights they ever had up to now. Mr Al-Khater, one of the most forthright statements to date by a Qatari official, said that “the Kafala System has been instituted a very long time ago and I think there’s a recognition that it does not work anymore and is not suitable in this day and age”.

    The impulse comes from criticism addressed to Qatar because of the fact the employees are at the mercy of employers, and therefore it is necessary to withdraw the rights to organize the 2022 World Cup.

    The Gulf State’s has received attacks from every part. Theo Zwanziger, the FIFA executive committee member in charge of monitoring Qatari progress on the labour issue, Wolfgang Niersbach, German football federation president, and Sepp Blatter, FIFA president, have warned Qataris about the failure to establish an independent monitoring committee that had been proposed by a Qatar-sponsored study conducted by law firm DLA Piper, and they said they should allow groups like Amnesty International or the International Trade Union Confederation to monitor labour conditions on World-Cup construction sites, because human rights would be a criterion in awarding World Cup hosting rights.

    Supreme Committee communications director Nasser Al-Khater and Qatar Olympic Committee secretary general Sheikh Saoud Adulrahman Al-Thani argued that Qatar was aware of cultural and legal changes which would have to embrace as a result of its winning bid, and that contract is contract, if all the requirements were decided with consensus in contract terms with FIFA, Qatar should respect it. But to do that, they need time.

    Qatar is a young country with just 40 years history. He took several years to rich countries to get developed. Al-Khater argued: “just like any other country in the world when you change a law it takes time. You can’t close your eyes and say: Tomorrow we’re going to change the law or you will have so many chain reactions after that”.

    There is anyway one controversy. People from Qatar fear of the huge influx of foreigners needed to build and operate the country that they risk to lose their identity and control of their state.

    The gLAWcal Team

    The 4th of February 2015

    (Source: Daily News Egypt)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • MEXICO'S HISTORIC OIL REFORM

    Mexico is trying to bring life to a moribund industry. Mexico’s energy sector has experienced a hobbled production since 10 years, because of public monopoly. Pemex is the sole oil and gas producer, and Federal Electricity Commission controls the electricity production and distribution. The government is seeking to approve a law to bring in, private and international companies to invest in oil and gas and electricity generation.

    Mexico is the third-largest exporter of petroleum to the U.S. and it is among the world top producers. In 2013, oil revenue funded 34% of national budget, and, in the last quarter of the year, 50 per cent of Pemex’s revenue ($16 billion) was paid in taxes to the government. According to some estimates, the reforms will add 1% on forecasted GDP of 2018. Private investors, like U.S. companies, might bring technology and capital, allowing also the country to generate jobs and profits.

    Even though, the benefits that the reforms could bring, there are some controversies because in 1938, President Lázaro Cárdenas have nationalized the oil industry. The opinion is currently divided between who wants the state to keep owning the sector, and who do not.

    President Peña Nietoannounced the reform in 2013 and it suddenly pasts to the Congress due to his pact with some opposition parties: the National Action Party on the right and the Party of the Democratic Revolution on the left. Then, 31 states legislatures signed it, now a package of 21 regulations that govern the nuts and bolts of how the reform will be implemented in debate. The government is going to hold its first auctions in this year. However, the Democratic Revolution would like to delay the launch of the reform.

    The gLAWcal Team

    February 12, 2015

    (Source: U. S. news)

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.