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  • IS THERE A LINK BETWEEN HUMAN-CAUSED CLIMATE CHANGE AND EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS?

    Many people still think there is a strong relationship between human-caused climate change and extreme weather events, such as the devastating flooding happened in Tasmania last June. By contrary others don’t, like Australia’s Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, who said that “we cannot attribute any particular storm to global warming”.

    Scientist are analysing the influence of increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere on extreme events and this is a field of science called “attribution research”. There are groups of scientists who have been able to conclude that the relationship between human behaviour and weather events exists.

    For instance, a team of scientist have said that human-caused climate change had probably doubled the chance of Louisiana to be hit by the huge downpour in last August, which killed 13 people and damaged about 60,000 homes.

    Dr Andrew King, after a research concerning the record warm sea temperatures that caused the mass bleaching of corals on the Great Barrier Reef last summer, said that “ We found that the warm sea temperatures were made at least 175 times more likely because of climate change”.
    By contrary, in a world without the extra greenhouse gases, we might expect to see those ocean temperatures once every 1,000 years, if at all. From torrential downpours to record ocean temperatures, more and more studies are concluding that human behaviours have a huge influence on natural events.

    Another important research demonstrates that without the added greenhouse gases, Australia’s record hot 2013 would only have come along once every 12,000 years while now, thanks to the burning of fossil fuels, we might expect a record breaker every six years. Other experts, like Dr Sophie Lewis, underline the difference between “causing” and event and “influencing” an event.

    However, it is still a debated matter, and there are many scientists which don’t agree, exhorting not to reach too hurried conclusions.  

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Thursday, 15 September 2016

    (Source: The Guardian)

     

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin (Italy) which is beneficiary of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Partnering Opportunities between Europe and China in the Renewable Energies and Environmental iNdustries” - POREEN, Work-package 4.

     

  • USA AND CHINA SIGNED THE PARIS CLIMATE AGREEMENT

    The two presidents of the two main polluter countries, Obama and Xi Jinping have finally ratified Paris climate deal during the G20 summit in Hangzhou, China.

    The diplomatic tensions which tied China and United States have been set aside to find a joint plan to reduce greenhouse gases emissions. China and United States are considered to generate nearly 40 percent of the world’s emissions and these countries together can work to bringing the agreement into force worldwide.

    The deal will take legal force when it will be ratified by 55 signatories producing 55% of the global emissions and the Chinese and US ratification pushed the total to 40%. The Paris agreement main goals are to keep global temperature increase below 2 degrees, achieve a balance of energy source, limit greenhouse gases and invest 100 billion dollars in climate finance for developing countries by 2020.

    During the past years China and United States have set a different climate policy reflecting their different stages of economic development. USA promised to reduce its emission by 26-28% in the 2025 while China promised to stop the growing level of its emission by the 2030.

    This ratification is also important to encourage other countries to take part in the Paris climate deal as soon as possible. UK Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change said government’s commitment on climate change and clean energy has not changed after Brexit.   

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Wednesday, 28 September 2016

    (Source: BBC news)

     

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin (Italy) which is beneficiary of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Partnering Opportunities between Europe and China in the Renewable Energies and Environmental iNdustries” - POREEN, Work-package 4.

     

  • CHINA’S ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS WILL AFFECT THE WORLD

    In the next future, two phenomena are expected in China’s economy. First, it is a slowdown in growth; second, a shift from investments and exports towards innovation and consumption. This will spread worldwide consequences, but especially over the economies of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    After WTO accession in 2001, China became Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest trading partner in 2009 gaining access to growing markets for Chinese goods and services, raw materials and energy, as well as political support from African countries in international affairs. While, Africa benefits from China’s financial and technical assistance in infrastructure investments, technology and knowledge transfer contributing to implement development and industrialization projects.

    A recent World Bank Group study set out the potential effects of this economic changing. They would lead to an overall positive impact on the global economy, as well as on Sub-Saharan Africa. It is expected that the world and Sub-Saharan Africa both stand to gain 4.8% and 4.7%, respectively, in GDP by 2030. Indeed, it will likely have a positive impact on poverty levels in Sub-Saharan Africa. Specifically, poverty is expected to decrease by approximately 4 million people, and the levels of extreme poverty are expected to decrease by half.

    The research, however, suggests that should China’s economic changing only include a growth slowdown and no a rebalancing between investments/exports and innovation/consumption, there would be small losses in GDP for both the world and Sub-Saharan African countries. Rebalancing in China is expected to boost consumption as well as demand for imported products and services.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 16 September 2016

    (Source: The World Bank Forum)

     

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.

  • G20 LEADERS' COMMUNIQUÉ HANGZHOU SUMMIT: STATEMENTS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    Leaders of the G20 met in Hangzhou on 4-5 September 2016. They reaffirmed the commitment to further “align their work” with the universal implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on financing for development by endorsing the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda. They welcomed, indeed, the establishment of the Technology Facilitation Mechanism and stressed the importance of enhanced cooperation on technologies to achieving sustainable development.

    They launched the G20 Initiative on Supporting Industrialization in Africa and LDCs to strengthen their inclusive growth and development potential through voluntary policy options, as promoting inclusive and sustainable structural transformation; supporting sustainable agriculture; deepening, broadening and updating the local knowledge and production base; promoting investment in sustainable and secure energy, exploring ways to develop cooperation on industrial production; supporting industrialization through trade in accordance with WTO rules and promoting science, technology and innovation as critical means for industrialization; and supporting equitable access to finance.

    To promote investment with focus on infrastructure they stressed the importance of quality infrastructure investment, which aims to ensure economic efficiency in view of life-cycle cost, safety, resilience against natural disaster, job creation, capacity building, and transfer of expertise and know-how on mutually agreed terms and conditions, aligning with economic and development strategies. In that perspective, they welcomed the Joint Declaration of Aspirations on Actions to Support Infrastructure Investment by 11 multilateral development banks (MDBs) and the Annotated Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Risk Allocation Matrices completed by the Global Infrastructure Hub (GIH) to help developing countries better assess infrastructure risks.

    They recognized quality employment as indispensable for sustainable development and entrepreneurship as an important driver for job creation and economic growth, reinforcing their commitments in the G20 Entrepreneurship Action Plan and welcoming China's contribution in the establishment of an Entrepreneurship Research Center on G20 Economies.

    Finally, strong and effective support and actions to address climate change are promised, by reiterating their commitment to complete the respective domestic procedures in order to join the Paris Agreement and to enable it to enter into force by the end of 2016.

     

    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Wednesday, 7 September 2016

    (Source: G20 2016 China Media Center)

     

    This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin (Italy) which is beneficiary of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Partnering Opportunities between Europe and China in the Renewable Energies and Environmental iNdustries” - POREEN, Work-package 4.