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TWO SIDES OF THE SAME COIN: INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND HUMAN RIGHTS CONCERNS

Currently, India is a fast growing democracy, that have been experienced a rapid economic growth. Despite this stunning development, human rights abuses still play a significant role in many parts of the country. In this framework, the well-being and the human rights of millions of people have been threatened by political and separatist violence and by the government's heavy-handed response.

Moreover, economic development has had a strong impact, worsening the livelihoods and the condition of lands in many parts of India. Data show that hundreds of millions live in condition of extreme poverty, and the most vulnerable groups such as women and religious minorities often face severe discrimination and shocking violence.

Reports highlight that in northeastern states and rural areas of central India, people have suffered violence and human rights abuses, caught between armed insurgents and Indian security forces.

Additionally, the state has imprisoned human rights defenders on trumped-up charges, while state- militias supported by the state can operate with impunity. In this context, also terrorist attacks by Hindu and Muslim extremists represent a serious threat in northern and western India.

Furthermore, people in many resource-rich parts of India have been compelled to leave their land due to massive industrial projects without adequate compensation.

The country is experiencing other grave human rights concerns that are damaging Indians' economic, cultural and social rights. Data stress that hundreds of millions of people in India have to live in extreme poverty, suffering most from a poor healthcare system, inadequate education, economic exploitation, sexual abuse, an overwhelmed judicial system, and police brutality.

Despite the benefit of economic development, these problems and others such as the extrajudicial killings by the police and the use of the death penalty still make the country retarded about human rights safeguard, far from international standards.

Particularly in the north of the country, women are forced to face discrimination and abuses, often caused by family members through dowry deaths and honor killings. As heritage of the past, although the growing political and economic empowerment, members of lower castes still represent the main victims of violence and social humiliation.

In addition to that, experts warn that climate change will worsen the current Indian situation, due to events such as rising oceans, melting glaciers, unpredictable monsoons, devastating droughts and polluted water sources, with strong consequences for the society.

 

The gLAWcal Team

Tuesday, 27 May 2014

(Source: Amnesty International)