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Experts have recently argued that disputes over water continue to worsen tensions between countries in South Asia. Data show that large parts of India and Pakistan already suffer from water stress and these pressures are likely to increase in the future.

A new report provides a snapshot of the current situation of water management. Events such as industrialization and population growth has played a crucial role, aggravating the consequences of pollution and declining per capitawater availability. Experts have also stressed the role of climate change in the region.

In this context, the report highlights the importance to undertake adequate instruments in order to overcome the problems related to water management: lacks of coordination between ministries, under-investment and poor data collection represent the main challenging issues to solve.

The report documents that India and Pakistan are facing internal conflicts between states and provinces over water management and rivers development.

Despite concerns and debates about water related issues, the study reports that many governments are working on innovative demand management and storage projects in order to create new approaches to international water issues, such as rainwater harvesting, basin management and community participation in decision-making. However, experts continue to emphasize that shifting the over-arching approach to water management, both domestically and internationally, requires a stronger political commitment fostering dialogue at different levels.

In this framework, dialogue, that plays a central role, need to focus on specific factors related to water, from health to environment, livelihoods and fisheries, driving insurmountable conflicts of interest into regional dialogue and cooperation around shared challenges.


The gLAWcal Team


the team of the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE), Turin, POREEN project


Thursday, 3 July 2014

(Source: ChinaDialogue)