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At the recent meeting held in New Delhi, Brazil, South Africa, India and China (BASIC) have launched a cohesive front, reaffirming their position on climate negotiations.

In this context, India’s minister for environment, forests and climate change has highlighted that developed countries must improve the talks, reinforcing their commitments to cut emissions.

The world’s four biggest emerging economies have strongly criticized the continued lack of clear guideline for providing $100 billion per year by developed countries by 2020, a commitment undertaken by the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at the Copenhagen climate summit in 2009. This fund was created to provide long-term finance to developing countries in order to mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions, addressing climate change.

According to developing countries, the developed countries need to foster stronger actions in order to take the lead in fighting climate change, in accordance with their historical responsibilities.

In this framework, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has argued that human activities represent the main cause of climate change and global warming that are damaging agricultural output worldwide, raising sea levels, and making events such as droughts, floods and storms more severe and more frequent. In addition to that, scientists have outlined that thermal power plants, industries and motor vehicles are the principle sources of carbon dioxide emissions, worsening climate change related issues.

In relation to that, the BASIC governments have stressed the importance to establish stricter environmental policies in line with the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.

Furthermore, developed countries have affirmed that governments need to specify their plans to control emissions and their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). On the other hand, developing countries have indicated that they will balance their commitments on the extent of their financial, technological and capacity building.

Despite some contrasts, ministers have agreed the importance to address climate change through cooperation, promoting multilateral agreements and supporting domestic measures to fight global warming and environmental issues, including energy savings, energy efficiency, renewables, smart-grids and capacity-building programs.

The gLAWcal Team

EPSEI project

Saturday, 09 August 2014

(Source: ChinaDialogue)