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CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND HUMAN SECURITY

According to the majority of experts, without doubt, climate change represents one of the most significant threats to environmental security and basic human rights. Researches show that the effects of the climate are already being observed across the globe. 

Data reveal that the climate change has a strong impact on the human population with an estimated 325 million people adversely affected, and 300,000 deaths each year.

Studies outline that the climate change is undermining environmental conditions, threatening the most basic human rights to life, food,shelter, health, and water.

Additionally, the severe effects of the climate change will worsen existing poverty levels undermining social and economic development, reports say.

The climate change is causing alarming effects in different areas of the world: developing countries and small island states are more vulnerable to its adverse impact due to high exposure to physical changes and low capacity to adapt.

In this context, many experts have stressed the urgency to plan adequate adaptation strategies to address the climate change related issues. In that way, financial and logistical assistance to vulnerable countries could help them to face this situation.

Environmental factors caused by climate change have significant consequences on migration. Data show that in oceans, the climate change is reducing the quantity and diversity of fish species and other marine life with negative consequences for the 520 million people relying on fisheries for food and income. Moreover, the studies explain that inAfrica, an estimated 10 million people have migrated over the last two decades due to environmental degradation and other environmental problems including desertification.

Furthermore, recent reports have outlined the urgency of this situation suggesting that about 12 million people has fallen into poverty due to the impact of the climate change.

In line with that, researchers show that already 26 million people have been displaced as a direct result of the climate change: additionally, by 2050, this number could increase to 200 million people.

In this framework, it is immediately clear that the severity of the situation request urgent action: the international community must undertake strong measures to reduce consumption, saving energy and reducing global emissions, in order to stop the lasting threat of forced migration caused by environmental issues.

 

The gLAWcal Team

EPSEI project

Wednesday, 15 October 2014

(Source: EJF)