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MOST THREATENED COUNTRIES DEMAND TIGHTENING OF 2°C CLIMATE GOAL

The members of the Climate Vulnerable Forum deemed the 2°C climate goal “inadequate”, and urged the UN’s climate change body to lower it.

After their meeting in the Philippines, the members of the Climate Vulnerable Forum demanded a review of the current temperature target, which is set at a global 2°C temperature rise compared to pre-industrial levels. The countries participating in the Forum are mainly developing nations already members of the Africa Group, the Least Developed Countries or the Alliance of Small Island States, and they have been pushing for a stricter goal throughout all phases of the UN climate talks.

These states’ demands lean on scientific reports that show how even a 1.5°C rise will have a substantial impact on the environment in the most vulnerable parts of the world. However, at the moment countries are off track even for the achievement of the 2°C goal; in fact, forecasts say the target will be surpassed, as the world’s main emitters – namely China, the EU and the US – will release 22 billion tonnes annually by that date according to their current climate plans (even though the figure will change depending on when China’s emissions will peak), while the rest of the world will emit 35 billion tonnes. For this reason, the UN climate chief Christiana Figueres has recently declared the realization of near-zero emissions in the second half of the century the key of this December’sclimate summit in Paris.

The members of the Climate Vulnerable Forum have solicited three independent reports that examined the repercussions global warming will have on human rights, labour and displacement: John Knox, who drafted one of the studies, highlighted the strong impact climate change will have on a wide range of human rights, such as health, food, water and housing; Tord Kjellstrom, the author of a second study, stressed the negative effects the increase of hot hours and hot days will have on workers’ productivity and – as a consequence – on the GDP; and a third study, conducted by the Nansen Initiative, revealed that global warming will foster displacement, voluntary migrations and planned relocations.

Recent researches from the UN’s climate science bureau, the IPCC, showed that global temperatures have already risen by 0.85°C since the Industrial Revolution.

 

The gLAWcal Team

LIBEAC project

Monday, 4 May 2015

(Source: RTCC)

 

This news has been realized by gLAWcal—Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development in collaboration with the University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy and the University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy which are both beneficiaries of the European Union Research Executive Agency IRSES Project “Liberalism in Between Europe And China” (LIBEAC) coordinated by Aix-Marseille University (CEPERC). This work has been realized in the framework of Workpackages 4, coordinated by University Institute of European Studies (IUSE) in Turin, Italy.