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China’s Water Environmental Management Towards Institutional Integration

China’s Water Environmental Management Towards Institutional Integration. A Review of Current Progress and Constraints vis-à-vis the European Experience, Journal of Cleaner Production 113 (2016), Yixiang Deng, Daniele Brombal, Paolo D. Farah, Angela Moriggi, Andrea Critto, Yun Zhou, Antonio Macromini

Deng et al. provides an overview of the regulatory and administrative structure pertaining to the management of water in China. A lack of coordination between relevant government institutions, and an overlapping of competencies, is identified.  Limitations of government measures to introduce public participation into the forum on water management reform are also considered.

The authors then outline water management requirements in the EU, as stated under the EU Water Framework Directive. The extent to which these requirements are met under China’s amended Environmental Protection Law. Ultimately, it is concluded that comprehensive environmental protection policies should be implemented into water management laws, that public participation should be enhanced, and that coordination between relevant government bodies should be bolstered. It is also acknowledged that China’s governmental structure renders strict emulation of the requirements set out in the EU Directive unfeasible and undesirable.