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  • gLAWcal supports the activities of ThinkIN China: China Low Carbon Dream

    gLAWcal supports the activities of ThinkIN China, Beijing (China): ThinkIN China and gLAWcal- Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development (United Kingdom) jointly organized an event with  Ms. MAO Ziwei, World Resources Institute China, Energy Programme and Professor Paolo Davide Farah, West Virginia University (WV, USA), gLAWcal  (United Kingdom) and EPSEI Scientific Vice-Coordinator EU Commission Research Project, who will give a talk on "China Low Carbon Dream".

    1 December 2014

  • gLAWcal Call for Research Associate Grant - European Energy Market and Competition Law

    Deadline: 15 December 2014

  • gLAWcal supports the activities of ThinkIN China: Communism and Globalization: the Story of Europe and China

    gLAWcal supports the activities of ThinkIN China, Beijing (China): ThinkIN China and gLAWcal- Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development (United Kingdom) host Professor Wang Qisheng 王奇生Department of History, Peking University and Silvio Pons, Director, Gramsci Institute, who will give a talk on “Communism and Globalization: the Story of Europe and China”. gLAWcal financially supports the activities of ThinkIN China, Beijing (China)

    16 December 2014

  • gLAWcal Call for Research Associate Grant - The Role of the Green Growth Technology

    Deadline: 31 December 2014

  • 10Th Edition - Summer Institute In China 2015


    West Virginia University, Department of Public Administration (WV, USA), gLAWcal – Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development (United Kingdom), University of Milan, Department of Italian and Supranational Public Law (Italy) and University of Turin, Department of Law (Italy) have set up a Summer Institute in China – Executive Education Training Program to be held at Peking University  School of Government in Beijing (China).

    Deadline: 31 May 2015


    The “Survey on Global IP Firms of China-related Business” of 2014, co-launched by China IP and China Daily, was recently released.

    As China has shifted from “made in China” to “created in China”, IP plays a significant role in the transformation of China’s economic structure. Meanwhile, more and more Chinese enterprises are also accelerating their pace of internationalization. Following this, a growing number of international IP firms are turning their eyes to China seeking to expand their business space and scopes in the Chinese market.

    Thus, the aforesaid survey compiled a recommendation list of Global IP Firms of China-related Business. And the list has become a reliable bridge to connect Chinese enterprises with global IP firms. The full list can be found on the China Daily website.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 16 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    During the recent concluded 5th China IP Annual Forum & 2014 Annual Conference of In-house IP Managers in China held on the 9th and 10th of January 2015, five China IP Awarding Lists of 2014 were released.

    These lists include Outstanding IP Management Team in China, the Most Valuable IP Enterprises in China, Outstanding IP Litigation Teams in China, Outstanding In-house IP Managers in China and China IP Most Influential People. The full lists can be found on the China IP Magazine website.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Thursday, 15 January2015

    (Source: China IP Magazine)


    The 5th China IP Annual Forum & 2014 Annual Conference of In-house IP Managers in China, co-launched by China IP Magazine and China Daily IPR Channel, was successfully concluded in Beijing Yulong International Hotel on the 9th and 10th of January 2015.

    Themed with “New Environment, New Trend, New Strategy”, it has invited distinguished guests and speakers including government officials, scholars, in-house IP managers, lawyers etc., and had attracted approximately 400 IP practitioners.

    The forum contained 3 parts. Part 1 was consisted of the opening ceremony, and Panel 1-Legal Determination of Unfair Competition and Panel 2- IP Operation in China. Part 2 was the Awarding Ceremony and Gala Dinner. Part 3 was training on Cutting-edge IP cases.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 14 January2015

    (Source: China IP Magazine)


    Applicants or agents are required to use a new “Application Form of Participating in Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) Pilot Program” when filing PPH applications since January 1, 2015.
    The State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO), by joining hands with partnering offices, revised the above mentioned application form so as to provide better service to applicants and agents. Specific form-filing requirements can be found in the pop-up window of the SIPO website.
    This pilot program enables applicants to fast – track foreign patent applications at a lower cost. As of June 30, 2014, Chinese stakeholders had filed 1117 foreign patent applications, including 424 PPH applications and 693 filings under PCT.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 13 January2015

    (Source: IPR in China)



    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) will play a bigger role in preventing and curing major infectious diseases such as AIDS, according to China's top TCM authority--the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

    TCM management authorities will work together with the National Health and Family Planning Commission this year to formulate plans that integrate traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in the treatment of AIDS/HIV patients.

    The administration will continue to cooperate with international organizations such as the World Health Organization for better international exchange and more influence overseas of traditional Chinese medicine.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 12 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    As the Year of Horse has nearly passed, China looks for breakthroughs as newEuropean leaders settle into office in the Year of Sheep.

    As Chinese President Xi Jinping visited EU headquarters in Brussels and Prime Minister Li Keqiang paid three visits to the continent, Beijing has already stared to make changes to usher in a breakthrough to build a closer relationship with EU hand in hand with the new European Council President Donald Tusk. And now the prospect of the hopes is up to the hands of the EU, in particular those of Tusk.

    Since both China and EU need to advance an economic reform agenda to free up the economic, closer China-EU relations in politics is helpful. Kerry Brown, team leader of the Europe China Research and Advice Network, said that “Tusk needs to give some sense of confidence to his interlocutors in Beijing that he is a man who can create coherence over Chinese policy from the EU and actually deliver the goods. The EU remains China's largest partner in terms of intellectual property, and this is an important asset to have. He needs to leverage this to build the best possible political relationship."


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Saturday, 10 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    Illustrating the power of a popular international trademark, a Hello Kitty Park started trial operations on New Year's Day in Anji county, Zhejiang province.

    It is the first outdoor theme park for the ubiquitous cartoon cat outside Japan. And Anji was China's first county to win the UN Habitat Scroll of Honour Award.

    Liu Fudao, managing director of Insight Angel Paradise, said that they along with the Japanese copyright owner and the local government "have full faith in safeguarding the trademark and copyright of Hello Kitty".

    Meanwhile, they thought China could do better in its IP system, such as establish a strict, standardized and healthy chain in the comics industry as Japan.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 9 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    Publishers of the "best Chinese textbook in China" have been far from superlative in their attention to intellectual property rights, ruled the Shanghai Pudong New Area People's Court, and now face compensation and desist order.

    Although the published book titled ‘This is the Best Chinese Textbook in China’ used essays by many writers across the world that have "nourishment and humanity" and are "insightful and appealing", some of the articles were unauthorized.

    The publishers argued that they entrusted the China Written Works Copyright Society with royalties for the authors who "were unavailable". However, since the copyright society only has limited powers, it’s unconvincing and cannot exempt it from infringement.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Thursday, 8 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    China's booming online shopping market is soon to be covered under the legal system as the drafting of the country's first e-commerce law is on track and set to complete in the second half of this year.

    After consulting with governmental bodies, e-commerce companies, industry associations and experts, the draft is expected to be submitted very soon to the Financial and Economic Committee of the National People's Congress.

    The draft is aiming to deal with the existing challenges resulted from the booming growth of China’s e-commerce sector, such as online transaction security, intellectual property rights protection and the protection of consumers’ rights, and so on.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 7 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    China is aiming to triple the number of patent files by 2020 as Beijing looks to boost the country's high-tech economy in areas from agriculture to pharmaceuticals, according to a notice from the central government on Sunday.

    China is targeting 14 invention patents per 10,000 habitants by 2020 compared to four in 2013. It published 629,612 patents in 2013, over 200,000 more than the United States, according to a Thomson Reuters study published in December.

    Beijing, as the centre of politics, culture and economy, is trying to become a bigger player in high technology industries. For example, it is looking to reduce the length of the review process for patent and trademark applications. And the Central People’s Government website added that by 2020 China would have boosted its legal environment for IP protection and management.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 5 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    Globalization and new media require innovative ways of protecting intellectual property rights in China's cultural and creative businesses, said industry insiders at the 6th Forum on Chinese Ethnic Cultural Industry Development.

    The forum was held in last December at Communication University of China in Beijing, the first time that it joined hands with a university. And its theme was international communication and improvement of legal systems.

    Delegates suggested that China must pay attention to the nature of the Internet when making laws and regulations on IPRs, need to meet the international standard set by the Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances, need to build a fair IP system for the development of Chinese traditional cultural resource and the growth of the cultural industry, need to protect intangible cultural heritages, and so on.



    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Sunday, 4 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    In last November, the State Intellectual Property Office announced a plan to implement the National IP Strategy Outline, with more emphasis on IP use and protection.

    Ever since the national IP strategy was initiated in 2008, China has made substantial progress in IP use, protection, management and services over the past five years since. However, there is much to be done, such as making rules on the international IP landscape, cutting-edge innovation and IP operations, and so on.

    Meanwhile, the plan for 2014-20, rolled out jointly by 28 ministries and state-level organizations, has set a clear goal of building China into an IP powerhouse. The plan encourages the growth of IP-intensive industries and the construction of a healthy eco-system for patent operations.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Saturday, 3 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    The city of Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, sent a delegation of representatives of a dozen of its pharmaceutical companies to the 72th PharmChina to promote their products and attract new customers.

    PharmChina is a pharmaceutical fair held in Guangzhou, Guangdong province, in late November. It attracted more than 2,000 enterprises from across China with thousands of offerings, such as chemicals, biomedicines, patent medicines, health products and medical equipment.

    The delegation held a forum and managed to sign contracts worth nearly 70 million yuan ($11 million), a rise of 20 percent over the last fair.They also visited the Shennong Caotang Museum at the Baiyunshan Heji Huangpu Traditional Chinese Medicine Co, where they got ideas on how to make use of Xingjiang’s resources and develop tourism related to modern pharmaceuticals.

    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 2 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    The city of Kunshan in Jiangsu province topped the Forbes list as the best commercial county-level city and the most innovative county-level city on the Chinese mainland, released by Forbes China on Dec 15, 2014.

    Forbes introduced this 2014 ranking list by assessing eight indexes, including talent, city size, consumptive power and passenger transport.

    Over the years, Kunshan has stepped up efforts into developing the headquarters economy, modern finance, logistics, exhibition economy and e-commerce.

    In addition, Kunshan has attached equal importance to innovation that plays a key role in improving a city’s competitiveness. Kunshan has attracted 310,000 skilled professionals, and 723 enterprises have received the "High-Tech Enterprise" recognition. The city now boasts 35,000 patents, and it also cooperates with famous universities at home and abroad to carry out national key projects.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Thursday, 1 January2015

    (Source: China Daily)


    In November, the China Technology and Entrepreneur Association signed contracts with Dutch enterprise incubators to promote start-ups in the two countries, with the Huilongsen International Enterprise Incubator Co. in Beijing's Economic Technological Development Area, or E-town.

    There were several Dutch organizationswith the business cooperation expected to help enterprises with different backgrounds benefit from each other’s resources. The alliance also encourages Chinese members to take part in the annual global selection of business projects, organize business start-up competitions in China, and improve personnel training and financing for new enterprises in both countries.

    The entrepreneur association pays more attention to innovation and international cooperation in business, and to more effective resource use.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Sunday, 28 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    SIPO has started trial operations of an online patent information system that offers free updates and downloads of patent data from China and abroad.

    The system allows the general public to access at free all the patent documents and their updates archived by IP offices of China, the United States, the European Union, Japan and South Korea - which account for about 80% of the total global data.

    The system is meant to deal with challenged amid the period of shifting gears in economic growth via innovation - driven development. And it will also help increase transparency and the authority of the patent examination process, and advance the country’s development based on the rule of law.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Saturday, 27 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Guangdong Higher People's Court delivered the verdict of JDB V. Wanglaoji on the Red Tank Battle on December 19th 2014, ruling that the red tank packaging of JDB constituted infringement to Wanglaoji’s, Wanglaoji can use the Red Tank exclusively afterwards.

    The Court believed that the specified packaging decoration of "Wanglaoji herbal tea" refers to the mark on the red tank of "Wanglaoji herbal tea," including three vertical yellow font "王老吉", red background colour, and other colours, pictures as well as their permutations and combinations. Before the trademark "Wanglaoji" was licensed to JDB, it has been the honoured brand in China and well-known in Guangdong Province, enjoying a high reputation among public. Therefore, trademark "Wanglaoji" is inseparable from the other elements on the red tank packaging decoration.

    The Court ordered JBD to immediately stop selling and begin to destroy the red tank-related products, pay compensation of 150 million yuan for Wanglaoji's economic loss and 265.210 yuan for reasonable maintenance fee within seven days since the date of judgment coming into effect, and consecutively to publish apologizing statement on the designated media for seven days in bid to eliminate related impacts. It is considered as the largest amount of compensation in the aspect of JDB during the disputes between JBD and Wanglaoji since 2012.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 26 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)



    Taobao, China's leading online shopping portal recently issued two reports that show the steps it has taken and progress it has made this year in fighting online counterfeits and piracy.

    These two reports are to make Taobao’s endeavours in IP protection known to the public and even the industrial insiders. They describe how Taobao, Alibaba's online sales website, has been cooperating with police and intellectual property watchdogs nationwide in its battle.

    In mid-December, Alibaba Corp and Zhejiang provincial IP office released the country's first e-commerce patent protection guideline. They will also try to establish a new mechanism to deal with online patent infringements, to share major information and hold regular meetings.

    The national supervision of e-commerce business will become stricter and Alibaba needs to develop with the times.

    Taobao has taken other self-help measures as well, such as setting up cooperative relationships with many brand companies, buying goods on Taobao to conduct random inspections.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 24 December 2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    The State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) announced recipients of the nation's top awards for patents - China Gold Patent Awards - at a ceremony in mid-December to honour 20 gold-medal invention and utility models, and five industrial designs.

    The China Gold Patent Awards was first launched in 1989 by SIPO and WIPO and it has helped in the development of China’s patent and design efforts, and promoted the nation’s economic restructuring.

    According to SIPO, since the 20 award-winning inventions and utility models were granted patents, they had greatly generated combined sales revenue and profits by the end of last year.

    Due to the improved management systems and overseas IP deployment, the award-winning companies and organizations are more competitive on the market.

    However, officials also called for higher-quality patent applications and more efficient patent examination.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 23 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Beijing's Zhongguancun area has set up a financial services system related to intellectual property rights (IPR), to help small-to-mid-sized technology companies in the area get loans.

    The system is known as the “zhongguancun system” and is developed by the China Technology Exchange and the State-owned Properties Investment & Management Co, in the Haidian district. The system’s goal is to handle intellectual property evaluation, guarantees, and investment, with backing fromthe State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) and the Haidian government.

    If a company applies for financial help, its intellectual property will be evaluated by the Technology Exchange and the State Intellectual Property Office so that surety and fund companies can provide credit based on their findings. If the borrower has difficulty to make payments on the loan, the lenders will become shareholders and, after the loan is paid off, they can choose to either remain as shareholders or sell their shares. The trading system provides a site for both tangible and intangible assets.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 22 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    According to the new WIPO figures, China was responsible for one-third of the world's patent applications last year, once again driving strong global growth despite stalling innovation in Europe and Japan.

    Applications from China grew by 26.4 per cent, increasing its global share from almost 28 per cent to 32.1 per cent in a year and topped the list, followed by US and Japan.

    By contrast, the USA remain the world leader in terms of patents in force, with 26 per cent of the 9.45 million total, followed by Japan and China.

    The big increase of China’s patent applications show that China is shifting from manufacturing to a knowledge-based economy, from “'made in China' to 'created in China'”, as WIPO Director General Francis Gurry said.

    (The other important statistics are available on WIPO.)


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 19 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    The Beijing Intellectual Property Tribunal heard its first case in last December, since it was set up at the beginning of November to improve the quality of trials and fulfil judicial reform.

    In the first case, a pharmaceutical company, Wecome Pharmaceutical Corp, in Lishui, Zhejiang province, sued the State Intellectual Property Office, claiming a patent issued by the authority was invalid.

    In early December, 221 intellectual property cases had been filed, of which 63 per cent were related to administrative disputes, such as patents and brand names. And about 36 per cent involved foreign litigants.

    Establishing intellectual property tribunals was raised by the leadership during the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and setting them up has been a contribution to furthering judicial reform. The tribunal has adopted assistants, a member of a collegiate bench, who are responsible to collect materials about a dispute and clarify its focus before a trial and to participate in hearings and discussions with judges.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Thursday, 18 December 2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    On the fourth China-Germany Media Dialogue in December, officials from China and Germany expressed their willingness to enhance cooperation further to tackle cyber security and other challenges posed by new media.

    The two countries are facing similar challenges in the merging of traditional and new media, such as websites, micro-blogging and mobile terminals. The challenges include protecting people's privacy and intellectual property online, and the regulation lagged behind developments in new media.

    Luckily, the China-Germany all-around strategic partnership can bring new opportunities to the media cooperation between the two countries.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 17 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)



    China's second intellectual property rights (IPR) court was opened in the southern city of Guangzhou in last December. The first one was set up in Beijing in early November. A similar court in Shanghai is going to be opened. The IPR court is the third special court in China’s judicial system.

    IPR cases in Guangdong accounted for 29.68 per cent of the country's total in 2013, which means that the IPR court is in need in Guangdong.

    The court will hear civil and administrative law suits regarding patents, new plant varieties and technological knowledge from all over Guangdong Province except for Shenzhen City.

    The court has selected 10 of its 30 judges, each having handled on average at least 600 IPR cases through a fair and transparent process. In addition, it is China's first court to treat all judges as equal.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 16 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China recently issued a patent pre-warning report for China's smartphone makers that have already tapped into the Indian market.

    The report said that patents are more frequently being used as a weapon to attack competitors as market competition is intensifying.

    India is a big market for Chinese smartphones, on the one hand. But on the other hand, Chinese smartphone companies have been sued in Indian courts for IP disputes and their products seized by local customs in recent years.

    The disputes are mainly sued by foreign industry giants who have developed Indian markets for years other than India's local phone makers.

    In order to avoid the patent barriers becoming a weak point for Chinese phone makers when "going out", many of them have increased investments on patents and strengthened their research capacities.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Saturday, 13 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Xiaomi, one of the best-selling smartphone makers in China, gearing up for the launch of its flagship handset Mi4 in India in 2015, has been reportedly stopped from importing and selling phones in the country because of Standard, Essential Patents (SEPs) infringement.

    Delhi High Court issued the ex parte order over alleged infringement of Swedish telecommunications giant Ericsson's patents. Injunctions the Xiaomi from selling, advertising, manufacturing or importing devices infringe the SEPs in question. The judge also directed the Customs officials to stop the imports under the IPR Rules, 2007.

    Xiaomi India Head Manu Jain said that they haven't received an official notice from the Delhi High Court and they will respond promptly as needed and in full compliance with Indian laws. They are open to work with Ericsson to resolve this matter amicably.

    According to an earlier report by China Daily, Chinese smartphone companies in recent years have been sued in Indian courts for IP disputes and their products seized by local Customs authorities as patents are more frequently being used as a weapon to attack competitors as market competition intensifies.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 12 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    The Thomson Reuters report Chinese Corporate Trends and Globalization for IP (intellectual properties), said China continues to be the world's patent leader but still needs to do more if it wants to compete internationally in innovation.

    It is in part driven by the government's ambitions to transform the economy from "Made in China" to "Created in China", said the report.

    The report shows that China has been the largest innovation-patent filers since 2011 and the filers are increasingly from domestic companies.

    However, patent quality does not only depend on the patent application, but also on the technology sector considered, and the nature of the organizations conducting that innovation. Thus, in order to improve the quality of the patents and to protect them, China needs to have more inventions from enterprises other than individuals, and more international patent filings from them.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Thursday, 11 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Five China-France cooperative research teams won the Innovation Awards for Franco-Chinese Teams, an activity to mark the 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

    The awards were organized by the France-China Committee and were part of the "France Technology - so French, so innovative" campaign, which launched in last July.

    A total of 25 Franco-Chinese teams entered the awards and 22 of them were eligible to run in the competition. They included companies, R&D institutions, universities and joint labs, which involved more than 200 French and Chinese specialists. The judging panel was also professional.

    "Innovation should be some scientific findings that meet market demands," said Yves Lapierre, commissioner and CEO of the French National Industrial Property Institute, and he praised the IP cooperation between Chinese and French teams as "leverage" because it integrated various technologies and people with different cultures and understandings.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 10 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Shanghai's International Intellectual Property (IP) Forum held in last December discussed current trends in IP development, IP use and value, and protecting IP in free trade zone.

    The Shanghai government signed a memorandum of understanding at the Forum with WIPO, which has helped Shanghai enter a new era of IP protection.

    Shen Changyu, commissioner of (SIPO), affirmed the Chinese government's commitment to IP innovation and protection. Shanghai has taken the lead in reforms in IP, and that the Forum is expected to promote Shanghai's IP development, and boost IP innovation in the global market.

    In addition, Shanghai is exploring ways to reform the IP management and law enforcement through Intellectual Property courts hoping to become a scientific and technological innovation centre with a global impact.



    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 9 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Baidu, one of the Chinese top Internet service providers, has established its literature branch brand, Baidu Literature, to work on the most unique feature of China’s online literature.

    Online literature sources consist of novels which the authors update daily with new content. And millions of Chinese will refresh their browsers or apps everyday just to keep up with the latest daily updates of their favourite reads. This is a unique feature of Chinese online literature.

    The number of readers clinging to online literature is so huge that Baidu has decided ona big move to make the most of it - Baidu Literature, which will coordinate all its online services and resources to create new online literary popular writers, and develop literary derivatives, such as movies, dramas, animation and games.

    Baidu Literature intends to continue its practice of launching interactive events - both online and offline - to promote online writers and their works, while paying great attention to patent protection.

    Since Baidu has a wide range of online services and has accumulated numerous users over the years, it has many advantages to do so. What’s more, this might be a new style for the development of literary and artistic creations in China.

    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 3 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    While China is known as the "world's factory," seemingly capable of making everything, semiconductor chips have been conspicuously absent on the "Made in China" list.

    Statistics show that chip imports have consistently topped China’s import list over the past decade.

    Chips are “the heart” of all electronic devices so are of high value and vital for developing the broader information industries. However,China hasfailed to make gains in the chip production process.

    China's industry insiders lament being mired in a vicious circle: companies cannot gain a competitive edge and increase profits without owning key technologies, while meagre profits limit their ability to invest in research and development. And this is a tough challenge for China’s chip industry.

    Financial aid alone, however, cannot pull Chinese chip makers up, as the sophisticated industry also calls for top talent. So, both the government and domestic chip industryare expected to support chip innovation as well as talented researchers.

    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 3 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    The Eighth International Exhibition of Inventionsin Kunshan, Jiangsu province provided a venue for inventors to exchange ideas and seeking collaboration opportunities.

    The fair from Nov 19 to 22 attracted visitors from more than 30 countries and regions including the United States, and South Korea as well as five international organizations including the Asian and Pacific Center for Transfer of Technology and the International Federation of Inventors' Associations.

    The fair connects companies and inventors so that innovation can be transferred to technology and create value in real life. It also helps to spread new ideas and devices to the public.

    Besides leading companies and research institutions, creations by students became a highlight in this year’s event. It can make universities an incubator for inventors and inventions.

    A special zone known as TRIZ in the fair was crowded with interested visitors. TRIZ is a term to describe a problem-solving, analysis and forecasting tool derived from the study of patterns of invention in global patent literature. And the zone was designed to provide inventors theoretical support to reduce the failure rate and enhance efficiency.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 2 December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    In late November, the Office of the National Leading Group for Combating IPR Infringement and Counterfeiting of China announced three trends of counterfeiting in China at the press conference of The State Council Information Office.

    The Group said that investigated cases in China demonstrate three new trends of counterfeiting in China.

    Firstly, crimes tend to be commissioned by small groups or gangs, and covering almost all aspects in regard of material supply, production, processing, and selling.

    Secondly, internet and virtue market become the new orientation instead of the traditional physical market.

    Thirdly, infringement cases are gradually hard to be supervised due to increased occurrence in the rural area or the rural-urban fringe zone.

    In brief, China will continue to the fight against intellectual property infringements and counterfeiting, focusing more on the rural-urban fringe and e-commerce platforms. However, the complex and convert IPR infringement and counterfeiting cases call for joint law enforcement by relevant sectors.

    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 1December2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Beijing Tongrentang, a famedtime-honoured brand of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) industry, has made a big step forward in opening the Oceanian market. It is trying to promote TCM’s globalization bycooperating with local universities and partners.

    With over 340 years of history, Tong-rentang has successfully transformed itself from a time-honoured Chinese brand to an international trademark. It creates the dual Tongrentang pharmacy-clinic model of providing both medicine and diagnosis.

    In 2004, Tongrentang started to enter the Oceanian market. In September 2014, Tongrentang opened four new pharmacies in Auckland, New Zealand.

    In the early October, Tongrentang signeda memorandum of cooperation with UWS, in which both sides agreed tolaunch joint scientific research on the safety of TCM ingredients and promote TCM’s modernization and popularize it in the international market.The cooperation has set an example in the promotion of TCM’s globalization.

    Tongrentang alsoexpressed its desire to increasecooperation with local partners in health preservation, healthcare, product development, and combining Western medicine with traditional Chinese therapies when visiting New Zealand and Australia.

    Australia is the first Western country to recognize TCM and establish a stringent registration system.In July 2012, TCM became part of the country’s National Registration and Accreditation Scheme for Health Professions.

    Tongrentang is distinctive as both an economic entity and a TCM cultural ambassador to the global market. Cultural diffusion, effective medicine and excellent medical skill are the secret of Tongrentang’s successful overseas development. And it will see more opportunities and challenges in the future.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Sunday, 30November2014

    (Source: China Today)


    An extraction technology to extract an ingredient from celery to improve the medicines used in thetreatment of strokes has been sold to a pharmaceutical factory on 25th this month.

    Professor Chang Junbiao and his research team at Zhengzhou University have extracted an ingredient from celery to improve the medicines used in the treatment of strokes. In late November, a pharmaceutical factory paid the research team45 million yuan ($7.33 million) to buy the intellectual property right for the extraction technology, Dahe Daily reported.

    A new drug based on the technology, which causes fewer side effects, is expected to undergo clinical trials next April and could be available to patients in four years' time.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Saturday, 29 November 2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Yyets.com and Shooter.cn, two of China’s leading websites providing free crowd-sourced subtitles and video resources of foreign movies and TV series to Web users, announced they have been temporarily shut down and are “clearing content”.

    The closure of these two sites has generated mounting complaints from Web users. And experts speculated that the move might be related to pressure from copyright authorities.

    In China, the movie channel of China Central Television (CCTV) is the only body legally allowed to purchaseoverseas films and TV series, according to the regulations of the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT). And foreign TV series and films can only be broadcast after approval by authorities.

    Yyets was included in a blacklist of websites providing downloads of pirated works released by the US-based Motion Picture Association of America in October.

    In April, China began a campaign to “clean up” the Internet that saw popular US TV shows such as The Big Bang Theory and The Good Wife removed from video streaming sites. Authorities claim the sites had either infringed on copyrights or were broadcasting controversial sexual or political content.  The regulation of online radio in China is becoming stricter.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 28November2014

    (Source: Icaba.com)


    Anti-tobacco advocates welcomed a new draft regulation of the national smoking control for public places, but said it could still be strengthened.

    The draft was published on 24th this month on the website of the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council, pending public consultation.

    The draft, made by the National Health and Family Planning Commission, would ban smoking in public places, including all types of indoor public places and outdoor spaces, from kindergartens, schools and colleges to women's and children's hospitals and fitness venues.

    It would also ban all forms of tobacco advertising, sponsorship and promotion of tobacco products, as well as certain smoking scenes in films and TV shows. It stipulates that a graphic warning on cigarette packages should cover at least half of the package space.

    In 2012, Australia introduced the world's toughesttobacco packaging warning messages, with all marketing and branding items removed from the packages and replaced with warnings.

    People said that the draft “is long awaited and in line with the international convention except for several issues”. Though it’s a major improvement, it should aim higher, such as a ban on tobacco retailers near schools.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Thursday, 27November2014

    (Source: China Daily)


    Brand-names and high-quality products produced by minor enterprises in Hunan, a province in central China, are marching towards the Beijing market in the form of a “group army” for the first time.

    The products are shown on a sales exhibition centre.The centre is an exhibition hall of 3,000 square meters in Haidian district located in the northwest of Beijing, and a long-term sales exhibition will be held there.

    According to Hu Zaiming, the operator of the centre, it has so far gathered nearly 3,000 products from more than 230 Hunan enterprises, covering condiments, fresh agricultural and subsidiary products, characteristic handicrafts, tea, wine, Xiang embroidery, and so on.

    Most of the enterprises are the minor ones and most of the products are small items and are unique to the local or handmade with characteristic skills. Zhang Yi, CEO of one of the enterprise, said that he valued Hunan brands’ group power very much. ”It’s very costly and difficult for a minor enterprise to enter into the Beijing market alone. Enterprises banding together can better open up the market,” he added. 


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Wednesday, 26November2014

    (Source: Changsha Evening News)


    Jack Ma, founder of Alibaba Group,William Ding, founder and CEO of Netease, and Lei Jun, chairman of Xiaomi, Chinese smartphone supplier and other China internet giants are optimistic about the future of internet.

    "The way to reduce or avoid fake products should rely on the Internet. Maybe 20 years from now, our e-commerce will make a bigger contribution to solving the problem of counterfeit articles and infringement of intellectual property. Every purchase on an e-commerce platform is recorded, and the tracks of fake goods can be followed. Internet technology is a better tool to protect IP rights and crack down on counterfeits. This task cannot be fulfilled when we leave cyberspace", Jack Ma says.

    According to Lei Jun "mobile phones are more powerful than our laptops. With the rapid development of global connectivity, the future mobile phone will connect our office, home and different private devices. It will become one part of us, like a close lover."

    "More and more Chinese are considering making a product using a crowd funding mechanism. Previously, you had to estimate the market scale, but now we find that crowd funding can be applied to various industries, such as movie and drama production. The value of the Internet, I think, is affecting decision-making and traditional behaviour", William Ding says.

    Robin Li of Baidu believes that "the mobile device outweighing the PC could be a permanent change, and revenue and profits will follow accordingly when customers are satisfied."

    "Many people said Alibaba and my company compete. Yes, the competition cannot be ignored, but the commercial mode of our companies is totally different. When my business started, I wanted to solve the problems of costs and efficiencies in Chinese business. I carried about 10,000 yuan to Zhonguancun after graduating, but I did not know what I could do. What I loved was the IT atmosphere and started my own business with dreams", Liu Qiangdong of JD.com Inc. concludes. 


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 24November2014

    (Source: China Daily USA)


    A new series of Citizen’s dialogues has been launched in order to give the chance to citizens of the European Union to directly interact with the European Union. The project falls in the contest of the multiple initiatives promoted also by the President Mr Junker.

    Moreover, citizens from Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania will take part into the first debate with Commission First Vice-President Timmermans,Commission Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis and Commissioner Corina Creţu in Riga.

    These initiatives follow and improve what has been done in 2014 (the year of European citizens), in order to deepen the relation and the dialogue between the European Institutions and people across Europe.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 1 January 2015

    (Source: NewEurope)


    The China National Tobacco Corporation - the larger cigarettes maker in the world - (hereinafter “Tobacco Corporation”), plays a monopolist role in the Chinese tobacco market and is owned by the Chinese government. Indeed, Tobacco Corporation has a market share, which is higher than the one of its five main competitors.

    Tobacco Corporation in 2013 manufactured 2.5 trillion cigarettes entirely addressed for the Chinese market. Moreover, this giant registered an increase in the revenues even if its competitors decreased the production levels. Tobacco Corporation employs almost more than 500.000 Chinese and plays an essential role in Chinese economy.

    However, the Chinese government has recently proposed strong campaigns against tobacco consumption, due to the high death rate for smoking- related diseases. This action did not affect the monopolist role of Tobacco Corporation, which is strongly involved even in schools and in the education projects.

    On the contrary, the general manager of Tobacco Corporation, Mr Ling Chengxing announced a prevision of increase of the 8% with regard to the contribution to the government. As a consequence, the economic dependence of the Chinese government is a huge obstacle in the fight against tobacco consumption.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 1 January 2015

    (Source: Bloomberg Business Week)


    The European Union and Senegal has recently signed a Joint Programming Document for the period 2014-2017, concerning the complementarity between the aid granted by the European Commission and the bilateral aids provided by the Member States.

    This can be considered the first step towards a joint and coordinated action between the various bilateral programmes between the European Union and Senegal. The document provides investments and aids for two billion euros. This can be considered a first but significant step towards a strong development for Senegal’s economy.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 31 December 2014

    (Source: CTA Brussels)


    Annabelle Jaeger took part into UN talks in Peru as a representative of the Committee of the Regions. The results of the negotiations in Lima are a step forward but are not enough, according to the Committee of the Regions. Indeed, the paper agreed, called “Lima Call for Climate Action” strongly commits rising economies and rich countries in order to fight climate change, but represents another missed opportunity with regard to the goal to stop temperature rising above 2°C.

    Annabelle Jager says: “We are relieved that some form of agreement was reached. It does pave the way for countries to set out how they will contribute and an agreement was reached on the basic criteria that can be deemed just about acceptable. Nevertheless, it can't be said that it has set the bar high in terms of ambition in tackling climate change and it is not nearly enough to stop temperatures rising above the danger mark of 2°C”. Again, another occasion lost for the fight against the raise of temperatures.

    The two other concerns of Ms. Jager are the lack of transparency with regard to the contribution of each countries in the enforcement of the “Lima Call for Climate Change Action” and the possibility for the local governments to be recognised as “governmental organization” in order to play a relevant role in the policy making process of the UN instead of being considered as simple “observers”.


    The gLAWcal Team

    EPSEI project

    Monday, 30 December 2014

    (Source: CoR- Committee of the Regions)


    The European Parliament re-introduced the Social Economy Intergroup in the assessment of the policy making process. The decision was taken with the support of more than 80 MEPs from different political groups and a shared bunch of values.

    The Social Economy Intergroup could be an occasion to enforce the dialogue between the European Parliament and the economic actors especially under the prospective of social values. Moreover, the creation of the Social Economy Intergroup ensures a stronger consideration of social values in the policy processes of the European Institutions.

    The director of Cooperatives Europe, Mr Klaus Niederländer declared: “We are satisfied with the re-establishment of the intergroup. Cooperatives Europe and its members have been actively promoting the renewal of the intergroup and we are happy to see that our demands have been taken into account.” The following months shall be significant in order to measure the impact of this new group of the European Parliament and the role played in the policy making process.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 29 December 2014

    (Source: Cooperatives Europe)


    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made an announcement concerning inspections for compliance with labour laws. Prime Minister’s announcement satisfies the needs of industry captains who think “measures will work only if states join in”.

    The inspections would be limited because the PM's plan encompasses only inspectors under the central labour commissioner working through its regional offices. Only main sectors like central PSUs and major ports, mines and oil fields, banking and insurance companies, air-transport services, and industries like cement, petroleum, and telecommunication will be nearly well covered.

    The lack of inspections will still huge in factories. State labour department regulates bulk of the workforce with an estimated 8,000 inspectors, which is far lower given that the entire country is concerned. Last year 2.6 lakh (260.000) irregularities were found in 1.3 crore (which is 13.000.000) people working in factories. 

    Informal investmentsin especially in sectors like Manufacturing, construction, wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage, employs more than 70% of both rural and urban workforce, and account for at least 50% of India’s GDP. More than 80% of informal workers are beyond the pale of labour laws


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 18 November 2014

    (Source: THE TIMES OF INDIA)


    Truckload carriers began to add incremental capacity to meet shipping demand in the third quarter, pushing up the JOC Truckload Capacity Index by 1 percentage point to 82.7. Based on actual truck counts at a group of large publicly owned carriers, the Index has later climbed for three quarters and is now far from his lowest observed value in 2011, even though it shows that capacity at larger truckload companies is still 17 to 18 per cent below pre-recession levels set in the fourth quarter of 2006.

    The Columbus, Indiana-based firm forecasts a 0.4 per cent increase in the number of active trucks. ACT Research Vice President Steve Tam expects a slight uptick in active truck capacity this year and more than 1.9% next year. According of ACT, Net Class 8 orders came in at 46200 units last months, compares with 24842 in September, 25363 in August and 30103 units in July.

    By next year, freight demand may be strong enough to push the JOC Truckload Capacity index higher. The Index is now at 83% far from is lower value of 79.3 observed in the first quarter of 2013. “We haven’t really needed to add trucks; I think we’re there now”. Tam said.

    A higher number of drivers to operate the future new added trucks is seeking in this time.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 16 November 2014

    (Source: JOC.com)


    Capitalism has been damaged by the bankers, and now it seeks for people's love, new research says. A survey conducted shows that even in America only 54% have a positive idea of capitalism. Others surveys found that in countries like Greece, Japan, Spain, Bangladesh and Ghana, less than half of population have faith in free market. The recent financial crisis has intensified criticism of the system, from the Occupy Wall Street movement to the support for parties of the far right and left in Europe.

    Both Merriam-Webster and Oxford dictionaries define Capitalism as a system of market that allows for private unfair profit than for social ones. But just few people are real capitalist and more are most “wage slaves”. This don’t relate easily to the Christian ethic which still permeates Western societies, as Jesus told to bankers of temple to sell all their property and give it to the poor.

    Capitalism seems more and more unfashionable even thought people are enjoying the benefits of competition. In fact, for example, Britons would not enjoy such a choice of mobile phones and services if the industry were still controlled by the old nationalized British Telecom. Both investors and customers are capitalist as they risk money seeking for profit or utility. We should solve the problem of terminology so that people be aware of that.

    In the past 30 years, capitalism has become associated less with businesses operating in a competitive market, and more with the banking sector. This sector is less appealing and when Governments and Central banks are forced to step in to rescue the titans of finance, the idea of a free market also goes out the window. A system that privatizes profits and nationalizes losses is impossible to justify.

    Voters are experiencing hard times in real-wage in contrast of 1980’s and 1990’s years when advanced economies enjoyed steady economic growth.  Somehow, capitalism, for want of a better word, must be rescued from the bankers.


                                                                                                                                      The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Tuesday, 16 November 2014

    (Source: The Economist)


    In the achievement of the World Food Summit Goal, the Latin and Caribbean countries have reached a great result, according to the FAO’s regional flagship report. However, countries shall double their efforts in order to achieve the complete goal.

    In particular, the Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC, in Spanish) have been recognised to be the key projects in order to improve the region's main integration body and the strength for the region to meet the WFS goal.

    In order to consolidate the advances made in recent years, the key strategy is based on the strengthening of regional integration and South-South cooperation. Moreover, public policies shall be monitored and improved in order to boost the integration of food security and nutrition and in order to reach sustainability.


    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Monday, 12 December 2014

    (Source: Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations)


    The European Commission, the Council and the European Parliament are currently discussing about the Aid Budget for the 2015. In particular, NGOs denounced the fact that the main EU-funded projects for development are at risk if the Institutions shall not respect the promises they made.

    The impasse is due, as in the previous approval of the budget for 2014, to the conflict between the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council. Indeed, the European Parliament increased the Commission proposal up to 146 million euro, even with the unfavourable opinion of the Council.

    NGOs are calling for a more clear commitment of the Institutions in order to respect the target of spending the 0.7% of the gross GDP by the member states. It is clear that the cut in the budget in relation to aid projects shall not represent the cost reduction some of the member states are looking at.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 11 December 2014

    (Source: CTA – Brussels Office Weblog)


    Once again, the negotiations between the European Union and the USA with regard to the Transatlantic and Investment Trade Partnership (TTIP) are under the focus of the politicians of both the countries. Indeed, the opening to US procurement market could be a great occasion for European productive sector.

    The potential revenue for the European industries is definitely high and the transformation of the “Buy American” view into a “Buy Transatlantic” view has a lot of appeal for the old continent. On the one side, the different food and quality standards between Europe and the USA might create some issues and Europe may be called to low down its standards. On the other hand, the possibility of the disappearance of local markets and sustainable reality in the US has raised concerns of some civil society groups.

    In conclusion, from both the sides the need of a different approach is called and required. Even the negotiations are still behind the curtains, Europe and the USA shall take in count the request from civil society directly involved in the opening to the US public procurement market.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 10 December 2014

    (Source: Institute for the Agricultural and Trade Policy)


    The Chinese government improved the punishment of the environmental crimes. In particular, in the last quarter of 2014, authorities registered fines in 11.114 of the cases. Indeed, the Chinese government has adopted a new kind of approach based on though approach to the issue.

    In particular, tackling the environment-related crimes, the environmental authorities increased the transfer of those case related to heavy metal and persistent pollution to the police. The province of Zhejiang resulted to be the region with more cases of crimes.


    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Tuesday, 9 December 2014

    (Source: China.org.cn)


    During the last year Chinese economy stopped the constant productive growth of the last decade. Indeed, even if the service sector is always the dominant one, in the Central Economic Week Conference, the debate will be focused on a proper range of the main economic parameters. Just because the country under focus is China, this sounds quite weird.

    Even in this new scenario, the service sector still resists as the leading field of the Chinese economy: it is always 2.5 points of GDP higher than the industrial sector. The Political Bureau of the Chinese Party started to discuss about a new approach to development and the need of boosting economic efficiency.

    This unexpected stop of the Chinese economy can be the occasion for opening the discussion on the assurance of an healthy economic growth as well as a social stability, even though a strong and impressive system of reforms.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, 8 December 2014

    (Source: China.org.cn)


    In occasion of Obama’s participation to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit (hereinafter, “APEC”) USA and China reached an historical deal on climate change issue.USA decided to reduce the carbon emission of the 26-28% by 2525 and China ensured to reach the 20% of non-carbon resources by 2030.

    It is an agreement of great impact mainly due to the role the two main economies play in the balance of climate change issues. In particular, for the first time China, in person of its president Xi Jinping, recognised the impact of pollution and carbon emission on the climate.

    The opening to the reduction of carbon emission has been addressed by Obama also to other developing countries. This agreement might influence the revision of the next G20 agenda, which so far excluded the issue of climate change.

    Even if transparency is the basis on any kind of democracy, the EU Member States opposed to the proposal of a more transparent taxation regime.


    The gLAWcal Team

    POREEN project

    Friday, 12 November 2014

    (Source: CNN)


    The Free Trade Agreement (hereinafter “FTA”) between Australia and China involves the political sides of both the countries in a high level discussion.On the one side, the first Australian government concern is to preserve the workers’ rights level as currently is and on the other to benefit from the exportation of Australian agricultural products into the Chinese market.

    The opposition to Tony Abbott, prime minister of Australia, is pushing up the debate with regard to preservation of the national interests in the agreement. In particular, they stressed the fact that without the protection of the labour standards of Australian workers.

    Moreover, the agricultural sector, strongly affected by the lack of the liberalisation of their products in the FTA with Japan, is now concerned by the possibility that some products, such as sugar and diary shall be left outside the Agreement.

    The progress in the negotiation between the Chinese authorities and the Abbot government are also fostered by the next G20 meeting in Brisbane. Furthermore, the Chinese President, Xi Jinping is going to take part in a special sitting of the Parliament in Canberra.

    Any further development is as a consequence expected to take place in the really following weeks.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 7th November 2014

    (Source: The Guardian - Australia)


    The impact of tax EU tax havens on the economy of developing countries is more than real. In fact, the possibility to hide the profits from normal taxation is do not only damage the Western economies, but also the developing ones.

    Indeed, companies are able to create trusts which can ensure a lower level of transparency and a protection to criminals trying to invest in licit activities. Trusts are in the favourite channel for money laundering coming from illicit activities.

    Especially in fields such as the oil and petrol, the risk of shady trust is very high and close to the edge of illicit money laundering. Where corruption is spread, governments are able to invest in trusts through an anonymous company and to have a profit back.

    Even if transparency is the basis on any kind of democracy, the EU Member States opposed to the proposal of a more transparent taxation regime.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, 13 November 2014

    (Source: EU Observer)


    The Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) is a hospital affiliated to Peking Union Medical College, a private college set up by the China Medical Board of Rockefeller Foundation. It boasts excellent doctors and advanced medical equipments, where a great amount of patients with difficult and severe diseases have been cured; it has also developed a large quantity of medical talents, and conducted lots of high level medical researchers, which all make it play a significant role and enjoy a good reputation in modern medical history in China.

    Their decision to open a new hospital (xiyuan) was related to the low number of beds for patients, who wait for months in order to see a physician. Once the hospital was opened within few months, it remained underutilized for several years because Chinese patients were sceptical of the change. Even though the PUMCH is a reputable hospital system, patients preferred to wait for a long time to see a particular and recommended doctor instead of another specialist.

    As a result, one hospital had six months wait list and the new one was inactive enough that patients could see a doctor simply going to the clinic. Even though many advertising campaigns were settled in order to call patients, the original hospital continued to attract the majority of them.

    The solution was to transfer one of the most important medical departments to the new hospital. Everything from the lab equipment to the office supplies were boxed up and shipped to the new unit. This was a clear message to the public, which shown how the new hospital can offer the same quality of service as the original one.

    After this move, patient volumes began to balance out between the two hospitals. Currently, there are approximately 1,800 beds amongst both locations. Unfortunately, there are still difficulties in accessing to the clinic because of the lack of beds, matter on which the PUMCH needs to put its efforts.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Monday, November 10, 2014

    (Source: Healthintelasia.com)


    China’s healthcare needs are growing. At present, China's healthcare resources are unevenly distributed: China's major cities have the majority of access to healthcare resources, while the Chinese countryside has limited services and people who live in rural areas are unable to afford healthcare. Currently, the Chinese government needs private capital to improve the services that the government has to provide to the population

    According to the McKinsey Patient & Physician Survey 2012, about 30 per cent of the Chinese urban citizens currently pay for a private health insurance, while another 20 per cent are planning to sign up for it in the future. Despite these survey’s results, many Chinese people still prefer state hospitals rather than private clinics.

    Joshua Kurtzig, director of special projects at United Family Healthcare, part of the Chindex group, said that Chinese consumers so not trust the private sector yet, even though it is playing an important role in China's healthcare industry.

    China now provides the funds for basic medical coverage to 97 per cent of it population; according to accounting firm PriceWaterhouseCooper's 2013 report, Investing in China's private healthcare system. It also decreased individuals’ share of out-of-pocket payments for healthcare services from 60 per cent of total costs in 2001 to 35 per cent in 2011.

    In September, the government announced that seven private hospitals, solely owned by foreign investors, could open in seven cities and provinces in China. Healthcare provider Columbia China, which already has 25 hospitals across Southeast Asia, has plans for two general community hospitals in Wuxi and Changzhou, to be completed in four years' time.

    The openness to foreign investment will create new competition between public and private facilities, driving efficiency in both.The medical system in China was controlled by public medical institutions for a long time, leading to problems such as lack of competition, uneven resource distribution, poor service and underdeveloped technology, as well as frequent disputes between doctors and patients.

    That’s why the government attempts to reform the medical system which exhibits great market potential. In fact, foreign investors are particularly interested in China’s hospital sector which (like hospitals across Asia) offer especially attractive margins. These policies are keys to continue driving the company’s growth.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, November 7, 2014

    (Source: Aljazeera.com)


    Pharmaceutical companies are keen to invest more money online on multichannel-marketing in China. On the other hand, some obstacles are preventing the Big Pharma from doing this step.

    Nowadays there is not a reliable way to spend a large budget. From the multinational companies’ point of view, there would be more than 100 potential marketing channels on which it would be possible to invest, including large B2C platforms specializing in connecting patients and physicians. After a deep analysis, the results recommend to spend only 1.5% of the MNC’s budget.

    In China, the internet spending power is understood to become the future for the global internet commerce growth that is why there are also options for healthcare companies to spend their money. One problem is that the Chinese internet biosphere is complicated. As a result, it is not possible to figure out how to actually convert marketing into sales and there is not enough data to help improve current efforts.

    The rigid privacy laws prevent private market players from analysing consumers’ interests and especially patients’ consumer data. Because of data barriers, pharmaceutical companies will not invest more money online in China without having their companies double-check the data.

    It is important to highlight that the Chinese healthcare advertising and marketing is very fragmented and project based. Constantly working with new firms and working on new projects increases the risk that a multi-channel-marketing strategy will be ineffective. It would be necessary to establish long-term relationships with marketing and advertising firms so that over time marketing channel partners can be checked and also reinforced. In this way both the channel and the healthcare company can grow together and improve their way to develop a successful market.


    The gLAWcal Team

    LIBEAC project

    Friday, November 14, 2014

    (Source: Healthintelasia.com)


    Despite a rise in the level of perception of water as a major business risk factor, very few companies have actually adopted serious policies to fight the water crisis, policies which should focus on changing the role of CSR in companies.

    The recent upheaval caused by the water crisis has increased the companies’ perception of water as a business risk, but there was not a similar rise in the effects of the policies adopted in response. The data are alarming: only 63% of the respondents to the CDP 2013 Water Questionnaire have set concrete water reduction targets for their direct operations, and the percentage of those who have gone further (setting goals for supply chain and public policy on water) is even lower. And yet, surprisingly, more than 75% of the responding CEOs believe that their strategies have been acceptable and effective; this leads to a major conclusion: there is a serious problem when it comes to the actual assessment of the water risk’s structure.

    Experts have identified three main reasons behind this lack of tangible efforts: first of all, CEOs tend to treat water’s consumption as coal’s one, ignoring that the latter is a fungible source, while the former (depending on the spatial and temporal nature of a given basin) can have different impacts on different areas; moreover, it should always be remembered that water’s consumption strategies must take into account the fact that this source must be shared with every other stakeholder in the area. The second point is the severe lack of pressure and incentive coming from governments and investors: in fact, this factor is one of the strongest barrier against any serious policy, since CEOs don’t feel pressured by their most valuable stakeholders and so don’t realize how profitable an eco-friendly strategy would be.

    Finally, there is a misconception that runs rampart in business firms: CSR would be nothing more than a “philanthropic” effort, one that doesn’t bring any effective value to the business. However, data contradicts this theory, unfortunately: in China, the fastest-growing economy in the world, 75% of diseases are caused by polluted water and more than 38% of key lakes and reservoirs and 57% of groundwater are too toxic for human touch; it is clear that if this situation is left unchecked, companies will soon start to feel the monetary impact of the water crisis. When faced with this impending disaster, companies are presented with a choice: adopt the ostrich’s tactic and wait for the inevitable damage or choose a proactive approach and focus on improving the framework of their CSR’s structure, making sure that every stakeholder is involved.

    The gLAWcal Team
    Tuesday, 28 January 2014
    (Source: Chinawaterrisk.org)




    The skyrocketing level of pollution observed during every New Year’s celebration have led the Chinese government to the publication of a severe ban on fireworks, hoping to reduce its environmental impact.

    In a country like China, heavily imbued with folklore and tradition, New Year’s celebrations are considered an extremely important moment which could be properly enjoyed only with tonnes of fireworks. Despite the dreadful consequences of this uncontrolled phenomenon (deaths, mutilations and even the destruction of entire buildings), no ban had been applied so far; however, the pollution’s concern might achieve what the health’s one has never obtained: the Chinese government has promised a radical ban on fireworks in Beijing, should an “orange alert” (a forecast of three continuous days of heavy pollution) be announced.

    Such an event is all but certain, since there had been only four separate days (out of 15) where the pollution level was classified as “heavy” last year, but the promised sanction is still China’s most concrete and powerful step towards the pollution’s containment of such an ancient tradition. The reasons behind this political shift are both clear and tragic: Beijing is one of the most polluted places on earth, with peaks of 700 micrograms of particulate per cubic meter, against the 25 recommended by the World Health Organization to be safe on a daily basis; moreover, recent studies have concluded that high levels of air pollution might reduce the average lifespan as much as a shocking 16 years, data that have pushed many towards a rethinking of their opinion on climate problems.

    Other cities have followed the capital’s example: both Nanjing and Hangzhou have strongly cut the number of days the fireworks may be set off, while the former has also increased the number of “fireworks-free” areas in the city. The real unknown aspect is the market’s resulting loss: many have predicted a huge reduction in customer demand, with as much as 50% sales drop expected for this year.

    The gLAWcal Team
    Thursday, 30 January 2014
    (Source: asiancorrespondent.com)


    Incoming data from U.S. suggests that the benefits resulting from fracking may also be enjoyed by European countries, especially UK.

    The effect of the so-called “shale revolution” in the U.S. have led many to believe that, through this way, UK might find a reliable, low cost and clean source of energy and maybe even achieve the sought after energy independence . The results are clear: the flow of shale gas has changed the U.S. role in the energetic market, turning it from one of the biggest hydrocarbons importer to a net exporter; a similar pattern is observed in the chemicals’ field (thanks to the use of gas as both a raw material and a cheap source of energy). Finally, the most obvious consequence has been the cut in carbon dioxide emissions, which are now at their lowest since 1994, thanks to the replacement of coal with shale gas for power generation.

    Naturally, this process has a high cost. The shale gas industry requires growing amounts of raw materials, ways to transport them and highly specialized equipment to refine them; in order to increase the overall level of efficiency and production, the U.S. government has commissioned an independent organization, the Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America, to develop technology and processes which increase production. So far, the results have been encouraging, with both an increase in production and a reduction of the industry’s environmental impact.

    This last achievement comes from the partnership with another organization, the Environmentally Friendly Drilling program (EFD), which aims to help the public to understand the technology, assess the risks involved and the improvements in progress and acquire a deeper knowledge of such an important matter. Their latest project is the development of a series of gaming simulators for schools, universities and museums: the effect of their campaigns are already tangible, especially if it is considered that citizens are already familiar with the technology as parents, friends and relatives are involved in the industry.

    UK has three main challenges in the incoming future, in order to repeat the success of the U.S. model: set up an efficient industrial infrastructure that doesn’t have a dramatic environmental impact; ensure that a proper and specialized training is given to the technical personnel who will form the workforce of this industrial sector and, finally, organize accurate and widespread public awareness campaigns, since UK does have a much bigger understanding gap than U.S.

    The gLAWcal Team
    Friday, 27 January 2014
    (Source: The Guardian)


    U.N. researches show how electrical waste is increasing and its environmental impact is rising, due to illegal dumping.

    United Nations’ latest environmental alarm regards the ever increasing amount of “e-waste” that appears to be often illegally dumped in developing countries. The global volume of waste, which is already threatening ( 50m tonnes worldwide last year), will continue to increase at a blitzing pace, releasing huge concentrations of toxic substances, like lead, cadmium, arsenic and mercury. While the lion’s share of pollution is reserved to economical giants, like China (11,1m tonnes) and U.S. (10m tonnes), smaller and unsuspecting countries like Norway and Lichtenstein occupy the first positions of the “amount of waste per person” chart.

    The most shocking aspect of this phenomenon is that the majority of these broken electrical devices is neither recycled nor disposed of in their countries of origin, but rather illegally dumped in poorer and less developed areas (mainly west Africa, Asia and South America), where smugglers and hoarders employ an unexperienced and ill-equipped working force, coming from local areas, in order to extract the most valuable materials, a method that causes severe environmental pollution and harms the health of the workers.

    The main reason behind the increase of “e-waste” is the growing speed of technical innovation, which in turn greatly shorten the average lifespan of many electrical devices. An example of this can be observed in the cellphones market, where the average shelf life of any given model is less than two years, often ending after only one year. And yet, in 2011 only 10% (12m out 120m) of old mobiles which was replaced with newer models had actually been recycled, a problem that is in part due to the increasing smallness and complexity of the items’ structures.

    The gLAWcal Team
    Friday, 24 January 2014
    (Source: The Guardian)


    The government's decision will have an extremely negative impact on the renewable energy's development, say experts.

    Even though 2020 EU-wide target will compel UK to make sure that 27% of energy nationwide is produced by renewable sources, the government has refused to set another goal past that date, claiming that the cuts in the carbon budgets will naturally require the development of alternative sources. However, this support might come from highly dangerous and/or polluting sources as well, like nuclear energy or gas, and experts think that “letting the market decide” will not give any assurance to sustainable development at all.

    Furthermore, many coal-fired stations will be closed in the following years, an event which could provide a major shortfall in energy production, unless alternatives are provided. So far, UK government’s suggestions have been met with skepticism: its incentives towards shale gas exploration will likely be challenged under European state aid rules; the development of new gas-powered stations will increase the production of non-renewable energy far beyond 2020 and, finally, its negotiations with the EDF, a French nuclear company, have been considered “unfair”, since its offer was nearly double current electricity prices.

    Obviously, renewable energy companies were shocked and enraged upon hearing this decision and claimed that the setting of specific goals have always helped soothing the damage caused by “negative rhetoric from ministers”, an example of which was offered last week, when the German energy giant RWE Npower, said it would halve its planned renewable investments in the UK. Nina Skorupska, chief executive of Renewable Energy Association (REA), severely criticizes the government’s decision, observing that it, while perfectly reasonable if observed from a theoretical point of view, will cause heavy damages in real-life economics.
    Generally speaking, the setting of specific goals have always provided two beneficial effects: a rise in long-time investors’ confidence, which in turn accelerate technology-cost reduction; and a push in the investment’s flow when politicians’ decisions are unsteady.

    In conclusion, a series of elements make hopes for an ever-growing sustainable development falters, at least in UK.


    The gLAWcal Team
    Friday, 27 January 2014
    (Source: The Guardian)